The Boiling Frog Phenomenon

The existence of life is one of the fascinating aspects of the cosmos. But living this life with no difficulties seems meaningless. Life is a constant cycle of challenges and the process of adapting to those challenges. Yet, often we refuse to leave our comfort zones and sometimes pay the price for it.

The same goes with the fable of the boiling frog. Although the phrase appears to be hilarious at first glance, it holds a much deeper meaning. As the tale goes, if you put a frog in a pan of boiling water, it will jump out at once. However, if you place it in a pot of gently lukewarm water and slowly heat it, the frog will stay in the water until it boils to death. It is unable to perceive the steady temperature rise until it is too late.

It is a metaphor for our lack of will or inability to react to threats that arise gradually rather than suddenly.

The behaviour of the frog is certainly quite strange, in that it is unaware of its own impending doom. This is so because it is convinced that the slow, steady shift in temperature is of no great threat. It only realizes it has inked its death sentence when the gradual transformation of its surroundings abruptly accelerates. It is too late, however, and its own lack of will has condemned it to a painful death.

While it may seem preposterous, the truth is there are several parallels in the human world, more than we would like to admit.

It lies at the heart of the theory of the survival of the fittest. Species that adapted rapidly to their changing surroundings, instead of wallowing in complacency, survived and eventually dominated everyone else.

Several of our collective failures, whether as a species or a specific culture or community, have their root in this very reluctance to adapt to a changing environment. Whether it is our ignorance of the foreign invasion that led to colonization or our stereotyped attitude toward various races and cultures, all of them demonstrate the glacial rate of adjustment of the human community to the situation at hand.

Humans are the most complex and organized species in the living system from a biological point of view. However, our fate has often been considerably altered by insignificant organisms. Often, we have ignored these warnings and flashing red lights that were crying out for our attention and paid the price for it. Our disregard for the temperature rise, both metaphorical and literal, has resulted in us suffering great losses.

This holds true even for the corporate world, with the entities which refuse to adapt to the rapid pace of innovation eventually falling into oblivion.

So, are we laying the road for the ultimate catastrophe, just as the frog’s ignorance led it to death?

This ‘boiling frog syndrome’ appears to be afflicting far too many corporations these days. Worse, the majority of them have failed to learn from their previous failures. What happens if the corporate section fosters through strategic advancement? The plot would have been quite different if any of these companies had progressed to reinvent, keep up with the competition, consider incremental changes, and managed to avoid becoming boiling frogs.

But what really killed the frog?

The boiling water is something that many of us would say. The truth, however, is that the frog’s death was caused by its inability to escape within time. Similarly, people miss out on opportunities or get into trouble as a result of this indecisiveness.

This little fable has also had a profound effect on philosophy.

The “slippery slope argument,” a normative logical fallacy in which a relatively small action initiates a chain of events that leads to a large consequence (mathematicians’ term this as the “butterfly effect”), can be looked upon as a justification for the boiling frog theory.

It is a warning about the hazards of ‘creeping normality,’ of disregarding the enormity of a substantial change since it occurred at a slow pace.

The sorites paradox, an element of philosophy, is an interesting interpretation of the boiling frog theory. It discusses a hypothetical sand heap from which individual grains get removed one by one giving rise to two interesting questions. The paradox questions whether the remover can identify the point at which those grains of sand no longer constitute a heap. Just like the boiling frog, it is extremely difficult to tell when small changes, like that of removing a single grain, meld to cause a massive effect.

It is equally important to discuss this very leap for survival. It is a difficult endeavour involving great risk. Whether to take the leap or not, is an extremely complicated but critical decision to make.

In life, the hardest choices to make are the ones that often have the greatest impact.

Having to constantly live on this edge is highly strenuous and is bound to take a toll. Despite all this, true innovation and the most wonderful of discoveries have always been found on this very edge.

Are these moments of sheer inspiration massive disturbances that send waves of rapture through the world, or are they quietly absorbed into our society?

There is no definite answer to this question. Owing to the wide range of innovations, it is simply impossible to determine the magnitude of disturbance.

To learn more and find the answers to more such fascinating questions, join us at our main event, TEDxIITGuwahati 2022.



Get the Medium app

A button that says 'Download on the App Store', and if clicked it will lead you to the iOS App store
A button that says 'Get it on, Google Play', and if clicked it will lead you to the Google Play store


TEDxIITGuwahati is an extraordinary event that invites innovators and thinkers from various background enlighten the common folks with their radical ideas.